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Course 9:   A Guide to Hudl Assist

Lesson 6:   How Hudl Breaks Down Basketball Video

  1. Assist—A pass that leads directly to a made two- or three-point field goal.

      • What’s not an assist?  A pass to a player in good scoring position who considers other options before deciding to shoot and score. The score is the result of the action by the shooter alone. 
      • Other factors—We do not consider the distance of the shot, the shot type or the ease of the make in tagging the assist. Similarly, number of dribbles taken by the player who scores is not a factor, unless their efforts made the basket possible.
      • Example—A pass to a player at half court who dribbles directly to the basket for a successful layup is an assist. However, if that player has to divert to dribble around a defensive player, no assist is given.
  2. BlockA defender stops the ball from going through the hoop on an attempted field goal, suc­cess­ful­ly tips the ball away from an offensive player after they’ve released the ball or touches the ball as it travels towards the basket. If the defender makes contact with the offensive player’s hand while attempting a block, it’s considered a foul.

    • What’s not a block? If a player is on a drive for a layup and gets the ball knocked out of their hands before they bring the ball above their shoulder, it’s not considered a block because the player was not in a shooting position. 
  3. Charge—An offensive player puts too much pressure against a defensive player in order to make a field goal, comes in contact with a defensive player who already established their position or the player in possession of the ball drives the ball into a positioned defender (also known as a player-control foul). 

  4. Deflection—A defender taps the ball out of bounds or tips a passed ball away from its original trajectory. A deflection is also when a player attempts to receive a pass but a defender taps the ball away from the receiving player, resulting in a turnover or out of bounds. Finally, a deflection is also when players attempt to get into shooting formation, but a defender slaps the ball out of bounds or toward another player. 

  5. Inbound—When the ball is brought back into play from the back court. 

  6. Inbound baseline—When the ball is brought back into play from the front court. 

  7. Inbound sideline—When the ball is brought back into play from either sideline in the front court. 

  8. Personal foul—An infraction of the rules involving physical contact. The following actions will result in personal fouls:

      • Excessive force resulting to dis­place­ment of a player (pushing)
      • Restraining a player’s freedom of movement (holding)
      • A player using their hand excessively, resulting in contact with another player (illegal use of hands)
      • Moving one’s elbow to contact or taunt another player (Illegal use of elbow)
      • Using knees or legs excessively to intimidate or cause injury (illegal use of knees or legs)
  9. Rebound—An attempt by any player to secure possession of the ball after a shot attempt.

      • A rebound is tagged to the team or player who retrieves the ball after a missed field goal or free throw. 
      • Other factors — If a player tips the ball after a shot but ultimately loses possession of the ball to another player, the player possessing the ball is awarded the rebound. A rebound is only awarded after a shot attempt.
  10. Steal—When a defensive player forces a turnover by inter­cept­ing or deflecting a pass or dribble of an offensive player.

  11. Technical foul—An infraction of the rules not involving physical contact. The following actions result in technical fouls:

      • Disruptive behavior by a coach or athlete, ultimately delaying the game
      • A player causing and/​or par­tic­i­pat­ing in a fight
      • Goaltending a free throw
      • Illegal sub­sti­tu­tion
      • Intentionally kicking the ball
      • Disrespecting an official
      • Holding or hanging from the basket during warm-ups
      • Faking a foul
      • Taunting or unsports­man­like actions
  12. Unforced turnover—An offensive player turns the ball over without any action by the defense. 

  13. And-1—An offensive player makes a two- or three-point field goal and is fouled on the shot. And-1 indicates the player will receive only one free throw because the original shot attempt was made.

  14. Catch-and-shoot—A player shoots the ball immediately after catching it.

  15. Contested—A player shoots the ball with significant pressure from a defender. 

  16. Drive—A player aggres­sive­ly cuts through the defense, usually starting near the three-point line, then attempts a shot. 

  17. Dunk—A player jumps into the air, controls the ball above the horizontal plane of the rim, and attempts to score by putting the ball directly through the basket with one or both hands. 

  18. Jump shot—A player attempts to score a basket by jumping, usually straight up, to propel the ball in an arc falling into the basket.

  19. Layup—A player jumps from below the basket, using one hand to bounce the ball off the backboard and into the basket.

      • The shooting hand is under the ball, rather than behind like a floater. 
      • Shot can also occur without the ball bouncing off the backboard.