Women's Lacrosse | How Hudl Breaks Down Video


To begin or restart play, the ball is placed between two oppos­ing play­ers who both try to gain possession.

  • The win is award­ed to the play­er who gains con­trol after the draw begins. The play­er whose team didn’t gain con­trol is charged with the loss.
  • A vio­la­tion can occur if a play­er com­mits an ille­gal pro­ce­dure dur­ing the draw. The ball will be award­ed to a play­er on the oppos­ing team.
  • Draws are not con­sid­ered ground­balls.


A ball pro­pelled toward the goal by an offen­sive player.

– Goal

Credited to the play­er who shot the ball, scor­ing a goal for her team.

  • A goal can also be cred­it­ed to a play­er who knocks the ball in the goal from off a shot.
  • If a shot hits off of a play­er from the oppos­ing team and goes into the goal, it’s still con­sid­ered a goal for the play­er who made the shot.
    • Example: If a play­er from Team A shoots the ball and it bounces off a play­er from Team B, the goal is cred­it­ed to the play­er from Team A.
– Save

Any time a ball is stopped or deflect­ed with any part of the goalie’s body or stick, and if it hadn’t been stopped or deflect­ed, would have entered the goal.

  • A save is only giv­en to a goalie, unless the goalie isn’t in the crease, and a defend­er who is in the crease is the one to stop the shot. That defend­er would be cred­it­ed with the save.
– Block

A shot that’s stopped by a defen­sive player. 

  • A goalie is nev­er award­ed a block.
– Off Target

When the shot is not saved/​blocked and doesn’t go in the goal.


Credited to a play­er who makes a pass before a goal, but only if there is con­scious effort on the part of the pass­er to find an open play­er for a shot or to help a play­er work free for a shot.

  • The play­er who shoots isn’t award­ed an assist for mak­ing a lacrosse move” or dodge/​move to avoid a defender.

When a ball nei­ther team pos­sess­es comes under one team’s con­trol, a play­er estab­lish­es pos­ses­sion, and is imme­di­ate­ly able to per­form the nor­mal func­tions of pos­ses­sion (e.g. shoot, pass, cradle).

The following situations are groundballs:
  • A play­er drops the ball and an oppos­ing play­er con­tests the ball. Either team that gets the ball will be cred­it­ed with a ground­ball recover.
  • A shot is blocked/​saved/​off tar­get and is recov­ered (before going out of bounds) by any­one but the goalie, unless she is out­side the crease.
The following situations aren’t considered groundballs:
  • A ball is dropped and imme­di­ate­ly picked up by the same team.
  • A play­er pass­es the ball, it bounces on the ground and their team­mate picks it up.
  • A play­er over­pass­es the ball and their team­mate is able to pick it up with­out being con­test­ed by the oppos­ing team.


A suc­cess­ful clear­ing attempt involves the team estab­lish­ing pos­ses­sion in its offen­sive box before the oth­er team gains possession.

  • A failed clear would be if a team turns the ball over before get­ting pos­ses­sion in their offen­sive box.


When a play­er or team in pos­ses­sion of the ball, or enti­tled to pos­ses­sion of the ball, los­es pos­ses­sion. This occurs in a live-ball sit­u­a­tion or under cer­tain dead-ball situations.

– Forced

Credited to a play­er when the player’s pos­i­tive, aggres­sive action(s) caus­es a turnover by the opponent.

– Unforced

When the turnover isn’t caused by a chal­lenge of the oppos­ing team.

  • Example: Stepping out of bounds.
– Shot Clock Violation

If a team under a stalling warn­ing sub­se­quent­ly los­es pos­ses­sion as a result of the expi­ra­tion of the 30-sec­ond count, they are charged with a team turnover.

– Crease Violation

If an offen­sive play­er steps in the crease with the ball in her stick and pos­ses­sion is award­ed to the defen­sive team, the offen­sive play­er is charged with a turnover.

Out of Play

Anytime the ball is dead such as time­outs, after penal­ties or vio­la­tions, or if a ball goes out of bounds.


When play resumes after an out-of-play peri­od such as a draw vio­la­tion or an out-of-bounds play.


– Common

A minor foul not com­mit­ted in the fan. Play will stop and restart where the foul took place.

– Free position

A minor foul com­mit­ted in the fan. Play will stop and restart where the foul took place.

– Free position shot 

A minor foul com­mit­ted in the fan. The fouled play­er gets a free shot on goal.

– Yellow Card (Releasable)

A major foul result­ing in the play­er receiv­ing the yel­low card enter­ing the penal­ty area for two min­utes of elapsed play­ing time, and a man-down sit­u­a­tion for the team that com­mit­ted the foul.

  • If the team that was fouled scores with­in those two min­utes, the play­er serv­ing the penal­ty will be released.
– Yellow Card (Non-Releasable)

These are the same fouls as yel­low cards but there’s no option for the offend­ing play­er to re-enter the game before their two min­utes are up.

– Red Card

An accu­mu­la­tion of yel­low cards or a severe foul can result in a red card and game ejec­tion. A two minute non-releasable penal­ty will be car­ried out before anoth­er play­er can sub in for the play­er who received the red card.


When the ball is in com­plete con­trol of a spe­cif­ic team. The total count of all pos­ses­sions. New pos­ses­sions will be tagged from restarts, turnovers, ground­balls, and face-offs.

Up/​Down Situations

When a penal­ty is being served and the offend­ing player’s team is down one play­er on the field. This gives the oth­er team the advan­tage of being up one play­er. Our ana­lysts don’t tag these situations.