Women's Lacrosse | How Hudl Breaks Down Video


To begin or restart play, the ball is placed between two opposing players who both try to gain possession.

  • The win is awarded to the player who gains control after the draw begins. The player whose team didn’t gain control is charged with the loss.
  • A violation can occur if a player commits an illegal procedure during the draw. The ball will be awarded to a player on the opposing team.
  • Draws are not considered groundballs.


A ball propelled toward the goal by an offensive player.

 — Goal

Credited to the player who shot the ball, scoring a goal for her team.

  • A goal can also be credited to a player who knocks the ball in the goal from off a shot.
  • If a shot hits off of a player from the opposing team and goes into the goal, it’s still considered a goal for the player who made the shot.
    • Example: If a player from Team A shoots the ball and it bounces off a player from Team B, the goal is credited to the player from Team A.
 — Save

Any time a ball is stopped or deflected with any part of the goalie’s body or stick, and if it hadn’t been stopped or deflected, would have entered the goal.

  • A save is only given to a goalie, unless the goalie isn’t in the crease, and a defender who is in the crease is the one to stop the shot. That defender would be credited with the save.
 — Block

A shot that’s stopped by a defensive player.

  • A goalie is never awarded a block.
 — Off Target

When the shot is not saved/blocked and doesn’t go in the goal.


Credited to a player who makes a pass before a goal, but only if there is conscious effort on the part of the passer to find an open player for a shot or to help a player work free for a shot.

  • The player who shoots isn’t awarded an assist for making a “lacrosse move” or doge/move to avoid a defender.

When a ball neither team possesses comes under one team’s control, a player establishes possession, and is immediately able to perform the normal functions of possession (e.g., shoot, pass, cradle).

The following situations are groundballs:
  • A player drops the ball and an opposing player contests the ball. Either team that gets the ball will be credited with a groundball recover.
  • A shot is blocked/saved/off target and is recovered (before going out of bounds) by anyone but the goalie, unless she is outside the crease.
The following situations aren’t considered groundballs:
  • A ball is dropped and immediately picked up by the same team.
  • A player passes the ball, it bounces on the ground and their teammate picks it up.
  • A player overpasses the ball and their teammate is able to pick it up without being contested by the opposing team.


A successful clearing attempt involves the team establishing possession in its offensive box before the other team gains possession.

  • A failed clear would be if a team turns the ball over before getting possession in their offensive box.


When a player or team in possession of the ball, or entitled to possession of the ball, loses possession. This occurs in a live-ball situation or under certain dead-ball situations.

 — Forced

Credited to a player when the player’s positive, aggressive action(s) causes a turnover by the opponent.

 — Unforced

When the turnover isn’t caused by a challenge of the opposing team.

  • Example: Stepping out of bounds.
 — Shot Clock Violation

If a team under a stalling warning subsequently loses possession as a result of the expiration of the 30-second count, they are charged with a team turnover.

 — Crease Violation

If an offensive player steps in the crease with the ball in her stick and possession is awarded to the defensive team, the offensive player is charged with a turnover.

Out of Play

Anytime the ball is dead such as timeouts, after penalties or violations, or if a ball goes out of bounds.


When play resumes after an out-of-play period such as a draw violation or an out-of-bounds play.


 — Common

A minor foul not committed in the fan. Play will stop and restart where the foul took place.

 — Free position

A minor foul committed in the fan. Play will stop and restart where the foul took place.

 — Free position shot 

A minor foul committed in the fan. The fouled player gets a free shot on goal.

 — Yellow Card (Releasable)

A major foul resulting in the player receiving the yellow card entering the penalty area for two minutes of elapsed playing time, and a man-down situation for the team that committed the foul.

  • If the team that was fouled scores within those two minutes, the player serving the penalty will be released.
 — Yellow Card (Non-Releasable)

These are the same fouls as yellow cards, but there’s no option for the offending player to re-enter the game before their two minutes is up.

 — Red Card

An accumulation of yellow cards or a severe foul can result in a red card and game ejection. A two minute non-releasable penalty will be carried out before another player can sub in for the player who received the red card.


When the ball is in complete control of a specific team. The total count of all possessions. New possessions will be tagged from restarts, turnovers, groundballs and face-offs.

Up/Down Situations

When a penalty is being served and the offending player’s team is down one player on the field. This gives the other team the advantage of being up one player. Our analysts don’t tag these situations.