Men's Lacrosse | How Hudl Breaks Down Video


To begin or restart play, the ball is placed between two opposing players who both try to gain possession.

During a face-off, only the two players who participate can be credited with the win or loss. A face-off win is awarded to the player whose team won the face-off and gained possession. The player whose team lost the face-off is charged with the loss.

Face-Off Violation

A violation can occur if a player commits an illegal procedure during the face-off. The ball will be awarded to the opposing team and play will restart.


A ball propelled toward the goal by an offensive player.

 — Goal

Credited to the player who shot the ball, scoring a point for his own team.

  • A goal can also be credited to a player who knocks the ball in the goal from off a shot.
  • If a shot hits off of a player from the opposing team and goes into the goal, it’s considered a goal.
    • Example: If a player from Team A shoots the ball and it bounces off a player from Team B, the goal is credited to the player from Team A.
 — Save

Any time a ball is stopped or deflected with any part of the goalie’s body or stick, and if it hadn’t been stopped or deflected, would have resulted in the ball entering the goal.

  • A save is only given to a goalie, unless the goalie isn’t in the crease, and a defender who is in the crease is the one to stop the shot. That defender would be credited with the save.
 — Block

A shot that is stopped by a defensive player. A goalie is never awarded a block.

 — Off Target

When the shot is not saved or blocked and doesn’t go in the goal.


Credited to a player who makes a pass before a goal, but only if there is conscious effort on the part of the passer to find an open player for a shot or to help a player work free for a shot.

  • The player who shoots isn’t awarded an assist for making a “lacrosse move” or dodge/move to avoid a defender.

We know assists can be subjective. If you want to add, edit or remove the tags we add, these steps will guide the way.


When a ball neither team possesses comes under one team’s control, a player establishes possession and is immediately able to perform the normal functions of possession.

The following situations are groundballs:
  • A player drops the ball and an opposing player contests the ball. Either team that gets the ball will be credited with a groundball recover.
  • A shot is blocked/saved/off target and is recovered (before going out of bounds) by anyone but the goalie, unless he is outside the crease.
The following situations aren’t considered groundballs:
  • A ball is dropped and immediately picked up by the same team.
  • A player passes the ball, it bounces on the ground and their teammate picks it up.
  • A player overpasses the ball and their teammate is able to pick it up without being contested by the opposing team.


When a team moves possession of the ball from its defensive half to their offensive attack area before the other team gains possession.

  • A failed clear would be if a team turns the ball over before getting possession in their offensive box.


When a player or team in possession of the ball, or entitled to possession of the ball, loses possession of it. Occurs during live-ball situations or under certain dead-ball situations.

 — Forced

Credited to a player when the player’s positive, aggressive action(s) causes a turnover by the opponent.

 — Unforced

If the turnover wasn’t caused by a challenge of the opposing team. 

  • Example: Stepping out of bounds.
 — Shot Clock Violation

If a team under a stalling warning subsequently loses possession as a result of the expiration of the 30-second count, they are charged with a team turnover.

 — Crease Violation

If an offensive player steps in the crease with the ball in his stick and possession is awarded to the defensive team, the offensive player is credited with a turnover.

Out of Play

Anytime the ball is dead such as timeouts, after penalties or violations, or if a ball goes out of bounds.


When play resumes after an out-of-play period.


 — Technical

All violations of the rules of the game, except those specifically listed as more serious personal or expulsion fouls.

There are two possible results of technical fouls:
  • If the team fouled didn’t have possession of the ball at the time of the foul, they are awarded the ball.
  • If the team fouled had possession of the ball at the time the foul was committed, there will be a 30-second technical suspension of the offending player from the game in a man-down situation.

 — Personal Fouls  (Releasable)

These include illegal body checking, slashing, cross-checking, tripping, unnecessary roughness, unsportsmanlike conduct and the use of an illegal crosse or other illegal equipment.

  • The result of a personal foul is game suspension of the offending player for one, two or three minutes, depending on the official’s judgment of the severity and perceived intent of the personal foul. The ball is also given to the team fouled.
    • A player can come back into the game before their time is served if the opposing team has scored during their suspension time frame.
 — Personal Fouls (Non-Releasable) 

These are the same fouls as personal, but there’s no option for the offending player to re-enter the game before their entire time suspension is up.


When a penalty is being served and the offending player’s team is down one man on the field. This gives the other team the advantage of being up one player. Our analysts don’t tag these situations.


The total count of all possessions. New possessions will be tagged from restarts, turnovers, groundballs and face-offs.