Men's Lacrosse | How Hudl Breaks Down Video


To begin or restart play, the ball is placed between two oppos­ing play­ers who both try to gain possession.

During a face-off, only the two play­ers who par­tic­i­pate can be cred­it­ed with the win or loss. A face-off win is award­ed to the play­er whose team won the face-off and gained pos­ses­sion. The play­er whose team lost the face-off is charged with the loss. 

Face-Off Violation

A vio­la­tion can occur if a play­er com­mits an ille­gal pro­ce­dure dur­ing the face-off. The ball will be award­ed to the oppos­ing team and play will restart.


A ball pro­pelled toward the goal by an offen­sive player.

– Goal

Credited to the play­er who shot the ball, scor­ing a point for his own team.

  • A goal can also be cred­it­ed to a play­er who knocks the ball in the goal from off a shot.
  • If a shot hits off of a play­er from the oppos­ing team and goes into the goal, it’s con­sid­ered a goal.
    • Example: If a play­er from Team A shoots the ball and it bounces off a play­er from Team B, the goal is cred­it­ed to the play­er from Team A.
– Save

Any time a ball is stopped or deflect­ed with any part of the goalie’s body or stick, and if it hadn’t been stopped or deflect­ed, would have result­ed in the ball enter­ing the goal.

  • A save is only giv­en to a goalie, unless the goalie isn’t in the crease, and a defend­er who is in the crease is the one to stop the shot. That defend­er would be cred­it­ed with the save.
– Block

A shot that is stopped by a defen­sive play­er. A goalie is nev­er award­ed a block.

– Off Target

When the shot is not saved or blocked and doesn’t go in the goal.


Credited to a play­er who makes a pass before a goal, but only if there is con­scious effort on the part of the pass­er to find an open play­er for a shot or to help a play­er work free for a shot.

  • The play­er who shoots isn’t award­ed an assist for mak­ing a lacrosse move” or dodge/​move to avoid a defender.

We know assists can be sub­jec­tive. If you want to add, edit or remove the tags we add, these steps will guide the way.


When a ball nei­ther team pos­sess­es comes under one team’s con­trol, a play­er estab­lish­es pos­ses­sion and is imme­di­ate­ly able to per­form the nor­mal func­tions of pos­ses­sion (e.g., shoot, pass, cradle).

The following situations are groundballs:
  • A play­er drops the ball and an oppos­ing play­er con­tests the ball. Either team that gets the ball will be cred­it­ed with a ground­ball recover.
  • A shot is blocked/​saved/​off tar­get and is recov­ered (before going out of bounds) by any­one but the goalie, unless he is out­side the crease.
The following situations aren’t considered groundballs:
  • A ball is dropped and imme­di­ate­ly picked up by the same team.
  • A play­er pass­es the ball, it bounces on the ground and their team­mate picks it up.
  • A play­er over­pass­es the ball and their team­mate is able to pick it up with­out being con­test­ed by the oppos­ing team.


When a team moves pos­ses­sion of the ball from its defen­sive half to their offen­sive attack area before the oth­er team gains possession.

  • A failed clear would be if a team turns the ball over before get­ting pos­ses­sion in their offen­sive box.


When a play­er or team in pos­ses­sion of the ball, or enti­tled to pos­ses­sion of the ball, los­es pos­ses­sion of it. Occurs dur­ing live-ball sit­u­a­tions or under cer­tain dead-ball situations.

– Forced

Credited to a play­er when the player’s pos­i­tive, aggres­sive action(s) caus­es a turnover by the opponent.

– Unforced

If the turnover wasn’t caused by a chal­lenge of the oppos­ing team. 

  • Example: Stepping out of bounds.
– Shot Clock Violation

If a team under a stalling warn­ing sub­se­quent­ly los­es pos­ses­sion as a result of the expi­ra­tion of the 30-sec­ond count, they are charged with a team turnover.

– Crease Violation

If an offen­sive play­er steps in the crease with the ball in his stick and pos­ses­sion is award­ed to the defen­sive team, the offen­sive play­er is cred­it­ed with a turnover.

Out of Play

Anytime the ball is dead such as time­outs, after penal­ties or vio­la­tions, or if a ball goes out of bounds.


When play resumes after an out-of-play period.


– Technical

All vio­la­tions of the rules of the game, except those specif­i­cal­ly list­ed as more seri­ous per­son­al or expul­sion fouls. 

There are two possible results of technical fouls:
  • If the team fouled didn’t have pos­ses­sion of the ball at the time of the foul, they are award­ed the ball.
  • If the team fouled had pos­ses­sion of the ball at the time the foul was com­mit­ted, there will be a 30-sec­ond tech­ni­cal sus­pen­sion of the offend­ing play­er from the game in a man-down situation.

– Personal Fouls (Releasable)

These include ille­gal body check­ing, slash­ing, cross-check­ing, trip­ping, unnec­es­sary rough­ness, unsports­man­like con­duct and the use of an ille­gal crosse or oth­er ille­gal equipment.

  • The result of a per­son­al foul is game sus­pen­sion of the offend­ing play­er for one, two or three min­utes, depend­ing on the official’s judg­ment of the sever­i­ty and per­ceived intent of the per­son­al foul. The ball is also giv­en to the team fouled.
    • A play­er can come back into the game before their time is served if the oppos­ing team has scored dur­ing their sus­pen­sion time frame.
– Personal Fouls (Non-Releasable) 

These are the same fouls as per­son­al, but there’s no option for the offend­ing play­er to re-enter the game before their entire time sus­pen­sion is up.


When a penal­ty is being served and the offend­ing player’s team is down one man on the field. This gives the oth­er team the advan­tage of being up one play­er. Our ana­lysts don’t tag these situations.


The total count of all pos­ses­sions. New pos­ses­sions will be tagged from restarts, turnovers, ground­balls and face-offs.