Basketball | How Hudl Breaks Down Video

Learn more about how our analysts tag your games. 

Assist

A pass that directly leads to a made two- or three-point field goal.

What’s not an assist?

A pass to a player in good scoring position who considers other options before deciding to shoot and score. The score is the result of the action by the shooter alone. 

Other factors:

We do not consider the distance of the shot, the shot type or the ease of the make in tagging the assist. Similarly, number of dribbles taken by the player who scores is not a factor, unless their efforts made the basket possible. 

  • Example: A pass to a player at half court who dribbles directly to the basket for a successful layup is an assist. However, if that player has to divert to dribble around a defensive player, no assist is given.

Block

A defender stops the ball from going through the hoop on an attempted field goal, successfully tips the ball away from an offensive player after they’ve released the ball or touches the ball as it travels towards the basket.

What’s not a block?

If the defender makes contact with the offensive player’s hand while attempting a block, it’s considered a foul.

Charge

An offensive player puts too much pressures against a defensive player in order to make a field goal, comes in contact with a defensive player who already established their position or the player in possession of the ball drives the ball into a positioned defender (also known as a player-control foul).

Deflection

  • A defender taps the ball out of bounds.

  • A defender tips a passed ball away from its original trajectory.

  • A player attempts to receive a pass but a defender taps the ball away from the receiving player, resulting in a turnover or out of bounds.

  • Players attempt to get into shooting formation, but a defender slaps the ball out of bounds or toward another player.

Inbound 

When the ball is brought back into play from the back court. 

Inbound Baseline 

When the ball is brought back into play from the front court. 

Inbound Sideline

When the ball is brought back into play from either sideline in the front court.

Personal Foul

An infraction of the rules involving physical contact.

The following actions will result in personal fouls:

  • Excessive force resulting to displacement of a player (pushing)

  • Restraining a player’s freedom of movement (holding)

  • A player using their hand excessively, resulting in contact with another player (illegal use of hands)

  • Moving one’s elbow to contact or taunt another player (Illegal use of elbow)

  • Using knees or legs excessively to intimidate or cause injury (illegal use of knees or legs)

Rebound

An attempt by any player to secure possession of the ball after a shot attempt. 

  • A rebound is tagged to the team or player who retrieves the ball after a missed field goal or free throw.

Other factors:

If a player tips the ball after a shot but ultimately loses possession of the ball to another player, the player possessing the ball is awarded the rebound. A rebound is only awarded after a shot attempt.

Shot Clock Violation

Called on the offense if they have not attempted a shot in the allotted time.

Other factors:

The turnover that follows a shot clock violation is tagged as a team turnover. It is not considered a turnover for the athlete who had possession of the ball. 

Steal

When a defensive player forces a turnover by intercepting or deflecting a pass or dribble of an offensive player.

Technical Foul

An infraction of the rules not involving physical contact.

The following actions result in technical fouls:

  • Disruptive behavior by a coach or athlete, ultimately delaying the game

  • A player causing and/or participating in a fight

  • Goaltending a free throw

  • Illegal substitution

  • Intentionally kicking the ball

  • Disrespecting an official

  • Holding or hanging from the basket during warm-ups

  • Faking a foul

  • Taunting or unsportsmanlike actions

Unforced Turnover

An offensive player turns the ball over without any action by the defense.

Shot Types

And-1

An offensive player makes a two- or three-point field goal and is fouled on the shot. And-1 indicates the player will receive only one free throw because the original shot attempt was made.

Alley-Oop

A player passes to a teammate near the basket who jumps to catch the ball and shoot while still in the air.

Buzzer-Beater

A made shot attempted within the last few seconds of a period or game.

Catch-and-Shoot

A player shoots the ball immediately after catching it.

Contested

A player shoots the ball with significant pressure from a defender.

Drive

A player aggressively cuts through the defense, usually starting near the three-point line, then attempts a shot.

Dunk

A player jumps into the air, controls the ball above the horizontal plane of the rim, and attempts to score by putting the ball directly through the basket with one or both hands.

Floater

A player shoots the ball using only one hand with their body facing the hoop, usually after starting their attempt a good distance away from the basket. 

  • The ball is generally released earlier, with a higher arc than a normal layup.

Hook

A player, usually perpendicular to the basket, gently throws the ball with a sweeping, upward motion of their arm, following through to finish over their head.

Jumper

A player attempts to score a basket by jumping, usually straight up, to propel the ball in an arc falling into the basket.

Layup

A player jumps from below the basket, using one hand to bounce the ball off the backboard and into the basket. 

  • The shooting hand is under the ball, rather than behind like a floater. 
  • Shot can also occur without the ball bouncing off the backboard. 

Off-Balance

The player shoots while falling down or out of control.

Post Move

A player establishes their position near the high or low post, receives the ball, and moves to create space from the defender to attempt a jumper, layup, dunk or floater.