Basketball | How Hudl Breaks Down Video

Learn more about how our ana­lysts tag your games. 


A pass that direct­ly leads to a made two– or three-point field goal.

What’s not an assist?

A pass to a play­er in good scor­ing posi­tion who con­sid­ers oth­er options before decid­ing to shoot and score. The score is the result of the action by the shoot­er alone. 

Other fac­tors:

We do not con­sid­er the dis­tance of the shot, the shot type or the ease of the make in tag­ging the assist. Similarly, num­ber of drib­bles tak­en by the play­er who scores is not a fac­tor, unless their efforts made the bas­ket possible. 

  • Example: A pass to a play­er at half court who drib­bles direct­ly to the bas­ket for a suc­cess­ful layup is an assist. However, if that play­er has to divert to drib­ble around a defen­sive play­er, no assist is given.

We know assists can be sub­jec­tive. If you want to add, edit or remove the tags we add, these steps will guide the way.


A defend­er stops the ball from going through the hoop on an attempt­ed field goal, suc­cess­ful­ly tips the ball away from an offen­sive play­er after they’ve released the ball, or touch­es the ball as it trav­els towards the basket.

What’s not a block?

If the defend­er makes con­tact with the offen­sive player’s hand while attempt­ing a block, it’s con­sid­ered a foul.


An offen­sive play­er puts too much pres­sures against a defen­sive play­er in order to make a field goal, comes in con­tact with a defen­sive play­er who already estab­lished their posi­tion, or the play­er in pos­ses­sion of the ball dri­ves the ball into a posi­tioned defend­er (also known as a play­er-con­trol foul).


  • A defend­er taps the ball out of bounds.

  • A defend­er tips a passed ball away from its orig­i­nal trajectory.

  • A play­er attempts to receive a pass but a defend­er taps the ball away from the receiv­ing play­er, result­ing in a turnover or out of bounds.

  • Player’s attempt to get into shoot­ing for­ma­tion, but a defend­er slaps the ball out of bounds or toward anoth­er player.


When the ball is brought back into play from the back court. 

Inbound Baseline 

When the ball is brought back into play from the front court. 

Inbound Sideline

When the ball is brought back into play from either side­line in the front court.

Personal Foul

An infrac­tion of the rules involv­ing phys­i­cal contact.

The fol­low­ing actions will result in per­son­al fouls:

  • Excessive force result­ing to dis­place­ment of a play­er (push­ing).

  • Restraining a player’s free­dom of move­ment (hold­ing).

  • A play­er using their hand exces­sive­ly, result­ing in con­tact with anoth­er play­er (ille­gal use of hands).

  • Moving one’s elbow to con­tact or taunt anoth­er play­er (Illegal use of elbow).

  • Using knees or legs exces­sive­ly to intim­i­date or cause injury (ille­gal use of knees or legs)


A suc­cess­ful attempt by any play­er to secure pos­ses­sion of the ball after a shot attempt. 

  • A rebound is tagged to the team or play­er who retrieves the ball after a missed field goal or free throw.

Other fac­tors:

If a play­er tips the ball after a shot but ulti­mate­ly los­es pos­ses­sion of the ball to anoth­er play­er, the play­er pos­sess­ing the ball is award­ed the rebound. A rebound is only award­ed after a shot attempt.

Shot Clock Violation

Called on the offense if they have not attempt­ed a shot in the allot­ted time.

Other fac­tors:

The turnover that fol­lows a shot clock vio­la­tion is tagged as a team turnover. It is not con­sid­ered a turnover for the ath­lete who had pos­ses­sion of the ball. 


When a defen­sive play­er forces a turnover by inter­cept­ing or deflect­ing a pass or drib­ble of an offen­sive player.

Technical Foul

An infrac­tion of the rules not involv­ing phys­i­cal contact.

The fol­low­ing actions result in tech­ni­cal fouls:

  • Disruptive behav­ior by a coach or ath­lete, ulti­mate­ly delay­ing the game.

  • A play­er caus­ing and/​or par­tic­i­pat­ing in a fight.

  • Goaltending a free throw.

  • Illegal sub­sti­tu­tion.

  • Intentionally kick­ing the ball.

  • Disrespecting an official.

  • Holding or hang­ing from the bas­ket dur­ing warm-ups.

  • Faking a foul.

  • Taunting or unsports­man­like actions.

Unforced Turnover

An offen­sive play­er turns the ball over with­out any action by the defense.

Shot Types


An offen­sive play­er makes a two- or three-point field goal and is fouled on the shot. And-1 indi­cates the play­er will receive only one free throw because the orig­i­nal shot attempt was made.


A play­er pass­es to a team­mate near the bas­ket who jumps to catch the ball and shoot while still in the air.


A made shot attempt­ed with­in the last few sec­onds of a peri­od or game.


A play­er shoots the ball imme­di­ate­ly after catch­ing it.


A play­er shoots the ball with sig­nif­i­cant pres­sure from a defender.


A play­er aggres­sive­ly cuts through the defense, usu­al­ly start­ing near the three-point line, then attempts a shot.


A play­er jumps into the air, con­trols the ball above the hor­i­zon­tal plane of the rim, and attempts to score by putting the ball direct­ly through the bas­ket with one or both hands.


A play­er shoots the ball using only one hand with their body fac­ing the hoop, usu­al­ly after start­ing their attempt a good dis­tance away from the basket. 

  • The ball is gen­er­al­ly released ear­li­er, with a high­er arc than a nor­mal layup.


A play­er, usu­al­ly per­pen­dic­u­lar to the bas­ket, gen­tly throws the ball with a sweep­ing, upward motion of their arm, fol­low­ing through to fin­ish over their head.

Jump Shot

A play­er attempts to score a bas­ket by jump­ing, usu­al­ly straight up, to pro­pel the ball in an arc falling into the basket.


A play­er jumps from below the bas­ket, using one hand to bounce the ball off the back­board and into the basket. 

  • The shoot­ing hand is under the ball, rather than behind like a floater. 
  • Shot can also occur with­out the ball bounc­ing off the backboard. 


The play­er shoots while falling down or out of control.

Post Move

A play­er estab­lish­es their posi­tion near the high or low post, receives the ball, and moves to cre­ate space from the defend­er to attempt a jump shot, layup, dunk, or floater.