Basketball | A Guide to Stats

Click below to learn more about how stats are calculated:

Offensive Stats

  1. Games Played (GP)

    Total num­ber of games played for the sea­son. These are only games list­ed as Game Film.

  2. Field Goal Makes (FGM)

    Total made shots oth­er than free throws divid­ed by games played.

  3. Field Goal Attempts (FGA)

    Total shots attempt­ed oth­er than free throws divid­ed by games played .

  4. Field Goal Percentage (FG%)

    Total shots made oth­er than free throws divid­ed by field goal attempts.

  5. 3-Point Field Goal Makes (3FGM)

    Total 3-point­ers made divid­ed by games played.

  6. 3-Point Field Goal Attempts (3FGA)

    Total 3-point­ers attempt­ed divid­ed by games played.

  7. 3-Point Field Goal Percentage (3FG%)

    Total 3-point shots made divid­ed by 3-point field goal attempts.

  8. Free Throws Made (FTM)

    Total free throws made divid­ed by games played.

  9. Free Throws Attempted (FTA)

    Total free throws attempt­ed divid­ed by games played.

  10. Free Throw Percentage (FT%)

    Total free throws made divid­ed by free throws attempted.

  11. Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%)

    The for­mu­la used is (2FGM + 1.5 * 3FGM) / FGA. This stat adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. For exam­ple, sup­pose Player A goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while Player B goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. Each play­er would have 10 points from field goals, and thus would have the same effec­tive field goal per­cent­age (50%).

  12. Points Per Possession (PPP)

    Points per pos­ses­sion is cal­cu­lat­ed based off the fol­low­ing for­mu­la and is how we deter­mine the num­ber of pos­ses­sions based on the data we have. The for­mu­la used is points / possessions.

Defensive Stats

  1. Rebounds (REB)

    Total num­ber of rebounds divid­ed by games played.

  2. Offensive Rebounds (OREB)

    Total num­ber of offen­sive rebounds divid­ed by games played.

  3. Offensive Rebound Percentage (OREB%)

    Total num­ber of offen­sive rebounds divid­ed by total num­ber of rebounds.

  4. Defensive Rebounds (DREB)

    Total num­ber of defen­sive rebounds divid­ed by games played.

  5. Defensive Rebound Percentage (DREB%)

    Total num­ber of defen­sive rebounds divid­ed by total num­ber of rebounds.

  6. Turnovers (TO)

    Total num­ber of turnovers divid­ed by games played.

  7. Assist to Turnover Ratio (A/TO

    Number of assists divid­ed by the num­ber of turnovers.

  8. Turnover Percentage (TO%)

    The for­mu­la for both offen­sive and defen­sive turnover per­cent­age is TO / FGA0475 * FTATO

  9. Steals (STL)

    Total steals divid­ed by games played.

  10. Blocks (BLK)

    Total blocks divid­ed by games played.

  11. Deflections (DFL)

    Total deflec­tions divid­ed by games played.

  12. Fouls (FOUL)

    Total fouls divid­ed by games played.

  13. Charges Taken (CHG)

    Total charges tak­en divid­ed by games played.

  14. Points For (PF)

    Total points scored for your team divid­ed by games played.

  15. Points Against (PG)

    Total points scored by oppo­nents divid­ed by games played.

Advanced Stats

  1. Transition Points (TP)

    Transition Points are cal­cu­lat­ed as any points scored with­in 8 sec­onds on the pos­ses­sion imme­di­ate­ly fol­low­ing a Defensive Rebound or a Turnover by the oth­er team.

  2. Points Off Turnovers (PoT)

    Points Off Turnovers are cal­cu­lat­ed as any points scored on the pos­ses­sion imme­di­ate­ly fol­low­ing a turnover by the oth­er team.

  3. Second Chance Points (SCP)

    Second Chance Points are cal­cu­lat­ed as any points scored on the same pos­ses­sion after an Offensive Rebound.

  4. Points In The Paint (PiP)

    Points In The Paint is cal­cu­lat­ed based off of shot loca­tion data. The val­ue includes all made shots from inside the free-throw lane.

  5. Value Point System (VPS)

    The Value Point System is based on a for­mu­la that assess­es play­er and team per­for­mance with a more well-round­ed approach than oth­er com­mon forms of eval­u­a­tion. The high­er the num­ber, the bet­ter. A VPS of 1 is about aver­age. Formula:

    Points + off. rebounds + def. rebounds + 2 * (assists + charges tak­en + steals + blocks) 

    divid­ed by 

    FT miss­es + 2 * (FG miss­es + fouls + turnovers)

The Four Factors

How do bas­ket­ball teams win games? While search­ing for an answer to that ques­tion, Dean Oliver iden­ti­fied what he called the Four Factors of Basketball Success:

  1. Shooting (40%)

    The shoot­ing fac­tor is mea­sured using Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%). The for­mu­la used for eFG% is (FG + 0.5 * 3P) / FGA. This stat adjusts for the fact that a 3-point field goal is worth one more point than a 2-point field goal. For exam­ple, sup­pose Player A goes 4 for 10 with 2 threes, while Player B goes 5 for 10 with 0 threes. Each play­er would have 10 points from field goals, and thus would have the same effec­tive field goal per­cent­age (50%).

  2. Turnovers (25%)

    The turnover fac­tor is mea­sured using Turnover Percentage (TO%). The for­mu­la for both offense and defense is TO / Possessions.

  3. Rebounds (20%)

    The rebound­ing fac­tor is mea­sured using Offensive Rebound Percentage (OREB%). The for­mu­la for this sta­tis­tic is OREB / (OREB + Opp DREB).

  4. Free Throws (15%)

    The free throw fac­tor is a mea­sure of both how often a team gets to the line and how often they make them. The for­mu­la for both offense and defense is FTFGA.